Disinfectants are naturally occurring chemical agents designed specifically to kill or inactivate bacteria on inert objects such as glass. Microorganisms do not always die in contact with disinfectants, including those that kill bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Instead, microorganisms are killed by the action of enzymes. The enzymes are called free radicals because they can be classified as either neutral or reactive.
Disinfection by disinfectants is not 100% efficient, nor does it kill all bacteria. It is not as effective as sterilization, an extreme chemical or physical process that kills all forms of life (not just bacteria). Some types of bacteria (like the ones that cause syphilis) can grow on an object after it has been treated with a chlorine disinfectant. A chlorine-based disinfectant can destroy bacteria but it does nothing else.
Microorganisms have the ability to repair damage caused by a disinfectant. The damage is repaired by the growth of the microorganism's own defenses, or by the growth of other organisms that attack the microorganism. While most commonly found in public drinking water systems, this activity occurs in other objects where disinfectants have been used.
The problem is that because disinfectants can only repair the damage done by a microorganism, they do not get rid of any of the free radicals. Free radicals are molecules that have an electron missing. Electrons are the particles that make up the atoms of the molecules and the missing electrons are found in all free radicals.
Electrons have an effect on all chemical reactions and some of them are beneficial in one way or another. Other times, they can damage molecules and interfere with the process of chemical reactions.
Because of this, free radicals are considered by many to be a threat to health and well being. They are a major reason for cancer and heart disease, and for damage to DNA strands. They also play a role in autoimmune disorders. In the immune system, free radicals cause a malfunction in the response of white blood cells to antigens and substances produced by microorganisms.
There are several different ways that disinfectants kill or neutralize free radicals. Some of these include:
Disinfectants should be used in conjunction with other measures, such as regular hand washing, avoiding contact with food preparation areas, cleaning with a solution containing chlorine, and the appropriate personal protective equipment for handling foods. As well, people should eat food carefully, avoid the ingestion of uncooked, raw vegetables and fruits, and use only bottled or dried fruits, meat, and dairy products whenever possible. By following these tips, and avoiding contact with sources of contaminated water, foods, or plants that are known sources of contamination, it is possible to live a healthy life free of contamination. In the meantime, it would be advisable to drink filtered water and other beverages that contain chlorine and use a water purifier.
The main source of disinfectant products is chlorine. Although chlorine is a very effective means of killing bacteria, fungi, and protozoa, it does have the side effect of contributing to the development of ozone and free radicals.
Several disinfectants are used for the purpose of disinfecting water. Most commonly used disinfectants include chlorine dioxide (bleach), chloramine (chlorination by an ion exchange resin), trihalomethanes (THMs), and benzene. These disinfectants are usually used in the treatment of drinking water supplies, though they also have a wide variety of applications in laboratories. They are also used to disinfect the air, food, and cosmetic products.
Another type of disinfectant is called bromine. Bromine was created as a byproduct of the production of a variety of chemical weapons during World War II. Since its discovery in 1945, bromine has been widely used in the treatment of a variety of other liquids and solvents including gasoline, diesel fuel, and water. While it is relatively inert, it is still used in the treatment of drinking water for the purpose of controlling odor and taste.
Most of the disinfectants in use today are organic, which means that they are made from naturally occurring substances such as sodium hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide, chloramine, and bromine. Organic disinfectants are becoming more common in the treatment of drinking water because they are less harmful than traditional disinfectants. This is mainly because they are biodegradable. The organic disinfectant that is most commonly used in the treatment of drinking water is bromine.
As with any chemical, there are different kinds of disinfectants in different situations. While it is possible to use just one kind of disinfectant on the outside of a house or building, most homes and businesses prefer to have disinfectants on hand to protect people, equipment, and supplies from any contamination that may occur. Most sanitary ware and equipment are not immune to the elements and must be protected against various contaminants that are found in the air, groundwater, and food supply. The common disinfectant used on most household surfaces where food is stored is bleach. While there are many disinfectant alternatives available today, bleach remains to be a popular choice because of its effectiveness and its relatively low price per gallon.
Disinfectants are sanitizing agents that are commonly used in industrial settings to sanitize the workplace environment. These disinfectants can be purchased at most grocery and hardware stores and are inexpensive. In general, disinfectants are stronger than sanitizing agents. Disinfecting agents are most effective when used as early as possible before the contamination occurs. In other words, it is possible to treat water for consumption by simply leaving the water alone in the refrigerator.
Even if you do leave the water at room temperature for some period of time, it will not become as effective as the time it would have been treated in the refrigerator. Because it takes more than 24 hours to kill bacteria, it is important to properly treat water sources before they become contaminated. Some homeowners prefer to use disinfectants on floors, walls, and ceilings to help stop the spread of germs. Disinfectant solutions are most effective when applied directly onto the surfaces in question. When this happens, the solution will kill any bacteria that have landed on the surface without having to expose itself to the air. However, the amount of time that the solution will need to stay on the surface depends on how deep the contamination has penetrated.
If you want to disinfect your household surfaces, you can purchase disinfectant sprayers or even air dryers that will sanitize the surfaces of your home quickly and easily. Most home disinfectant sprayers require that you only spray the solution onto the surface and then wipe it away. This method is preferred because it prevents the spread of the disinfectant into the air and helps to make sure that the entire area is clean before the next application is needed. Another benefit of using a disinfectant sprayer is that it can be applied to a large area of a surface to make sure that all surfaces are treated simultaneously, reducing the time required for disinfection.
It is also important to note that some sanitizing agents can leave a residue behind on the surface of the surfaces they are used on. Some of the residues will eventually work their way back into the soil and water supply. This residue is known as the residual effect and can lead to a buildup of chemicals in the groundwater and even the groundwater level.
As was mentioned earlier, one of the advantages of using sanitizing agents is that most sanitizing agents are stronger than their disinfectant counterparts. By spraying and wiping the affected surface area, the residual effect can be eliminated, thus minimizing the need for repeated applications. When this is the case, it is possible to reduce the use of disinfectant on the surface to once a week. However, even with the use of a small amount of disinfectant, you can still prevent the need for repeat applications by keeping the area clean with a mixture of two parts bleach to one part water.
When there is a chemical spill, you should use sanitizing agents to clean up the mess and ensure that the affected areas are sealed off from the rest of the house. It may take some time to completely clean up a chemical spill, but the process will be worth it when it is over.
Disinfecting and sanitizing agents are a great way to get rid of harmful bacteria and odors, but it is important that you remember that they should not be used too frequently or unnecessarily. By taking care to only use disinfectant on your surfaces once every other week, you will be able to ensure that you and your family stay healthy and the air and water supply stays safe.
"I'm proud that we do that with each cleaning." -Job Herrera, Owner